AAUP 1940 Statement of Principles on Academic Freedom and Tenure With 1970
Thesis: As “the common good depends upon the free speech for truth and its free exposition,” profes
The Statement, in Short
entitled to full freedom in research/publication of results.
must have freedom in classroom to discuss their subject (but should not bring
into classroom controversial material that has no bearing on their subject).
are citizens as well as members of an institution. When speaking/writing as
citizens, should be protected form institutional restraint/discipline.
Professors speaking as citizens should always speak truly, responsibly, and
explain they speak on their own and not on behalf of the college or university.
probationary period, professors should be given permanent tenure, and should
only be terminated for cause (exceptions: age of retirement and for extreme
After the 1940 Statement
Supreme Court identifies academic freedom as right protected by First
Amendment, stating in Keyishian v. Board of Regents 385 U.S. 589 (1967),
"Our Nation is deeply committed to safeguarding academic freedom, which is
of transcendent value to all of us and not merely to the teachers concerned.
That freedom is therefore a special concern of the First Amendment, which does
not tolerate laws that cast a pall of orthodoxy over the classroom."
[Relevant] Interpretive Comments in Summary:
not intended to discourage “controversial” topics. Controversy is at the heart
of the academic endeavor. It’s just a reminder that teachers should stick to
their subject matter, not ramble.
intended to apply to church-related institutions.
opinions as a citizen not grounds for dismissal unless it demonstrates
unfitness of professor for position. These “extramural utterances” rarely show
a professor unfit. Any final decision should take into account prof’s whole
career as tracher and scholar.
on tenure should be given at least a year prior to the end of the probationary
period. Once tenure given, rules regarding profs on probationary period no